Online Exam

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1. Autonomy means that:
2. Vulnerable populations are those best characterized by which of the following:
3. When should researchers consult with the proper authorities about the appropriate procedures for institutional review of their research project?
4. Which of the following are forms of psychological harm that might affect participants in a psychology research study?
5. According to the National Ethical Regulations in Sudan, a clinical trial that includes a medicinal product  should be reviewed by the
6. The principle requiring that individuals and groups be treated fairly and equitably in terms of bearing the burdens and receiving the benefits of research is called
7. Which of the following does not interfere with obtaining a valid informed consent to research?
8. Ethical requirements for research include which of the following
9. Which of the following occurs if and only if one person intentionally uses a credible and severe threat of harm to control another:
10. Who carries responsibilities to protect the research subject in research?
11. Which of the following represents examples of safeguards to protect incompetent patients when targeting them to enroll in research?
12. An investigator submitted her research protocol for the review by institutional. The investigator could not reflect well on the risk-benefit ratios and how she would manage them if occurred during the conduct of the study. The REC communicated the identified gaps to the investigator asking her to re-submit the protocol. This action is about
13. Minimal risk research represents which of the following (choose the best answer)?
14. When might human subjects’ research require investigators to obtain informed consent?
15. A physician-investigator is obtaining blood from a 15 y/o child for clinical purposes.  However, he also wants to take an extra 5 cc of blood for a research study he is conducting.  He is concerned that if he tells the mother that he also wants to use the blood for a research study, the mother will refuse permission for the blood sample for clinical purposes as well. Which of the following statements are true?
16. The following are guidelines for research ethics except:
17. The Research Ethics Committee
18. An investigator wants to do a retrospective medical record review of 1000 patients admitted to the hospital during the last five years. No identifying data will be recorded that can reveal who is the participant. Which one of the following statements is true?
19. Confidentiality is used to protect a research participant’s data by:
20. National Research Ethics committee is the sole body that’s responsible of
21. A study was approved by the REC as exempt from continuing review.  Six months into the study, the PI determines that the research instrument should be changed.  Does the PI have to request approval from the REC for the proposed modification?
22. Who can give consent in cases of orphaned minors who have no parents or legal guardians?
23. A researcher believes that her research project is exempt from REC review because it makes use of archival data. This researcher
24. The act of publishing the same data and results in more than one journal or publication refers to which of the following professional issues:
25. Potential Benefits that should not be considered in the IRB’s risk benefit assessment include
26. How do we distinguish between confidentiality and anonymity?
27. Which of the following is a form of risk that might be suffered by research participants?
28. Study participants may not withdraw from the study unless they obtain prior approval from which of the following individuals?
29. Which of the following represents characteristics of well-functioning RECs?
30. Which of the following need(s) to be obtained when doing research with children?
31. The client's right to agree to participate in research after explanation is:
32. Scientific misconduct refers to:
33. Which of the following is not an ethical guideline for conducting research with humans?
34. Can the requirement for informed consent be waived?
35. To be ethical: Every research project should make a contribution:
36. The therapeutic misconception refers to which of the following:
37. Informed consent requires which of the following from potential participants?
38. Research that presents more than minimal risk
39. According to the WHO guidelines for ethics review, RECs must perform according to the following characteristics for ethical review except:
40. Which of the following persons are susceptible to conflicts of interest?